Limited company registration no. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in London, England on Tripadvisor: See 6,502,593 traveler reviews and photos of London tourist attractions. In combination with climatic conditions this often caused a characteristic smog, and London became known for its typical "London Fog", also known as "Pea Soupers". The Thames Barrier was completed in the 1980s to protect London against tidal surges from the North Sea. The new hospital, chapel, and schoolhouse were begun in 1611. When the London sewerage system was completed, the death toll in London dropped dramatically, and epidemics of cholera and other diseases were curtailed. , The fire destroyed about 60% of the City, including Old St Paul's Cathedral, 87 parish churches, 44 livery company halls and the Royal Exchange. In a bid to reduce the number of people living in overcrowded housing, a policy was introduced of encouraging people to move into newly built new towns surrounding London. In 1100, London's population was somewhat more than 15,000. This was the first elected London-wide administrative body, replacing the earlier Metropolitan Board of Works, which had been made up of appointees. In 2011, the population grew over 8 million people for the first time in decades. According to the saga, the Danes lined London Bridge and showered the attackers with spears. During the mostly calm later years of Elizabeth's reign, some of her courtiers and some of the wealthier citizens of London built themselves country residences in Middlesex, Essex and Surrey. Many immigrants became disillusioned by routine threats of violence and molestation, attempts at expulsion of foreigners, and the great difficulty in acquiring English citizenship. The structure dates back to the Mesolithic Period, at a time when the Thames was thinner and deeper than it is at present, a fact confirmed by the finding of stone tools nearby as well as Neolithic pottery. It boasted major public buildings, including the largest basilica north of the Alps, temples, bath houses, an amphitheatre and a large fort for the city garrison. Dangerfield, Andy (4 October 2015). Subsequently, an extensive system of fortifications was built to protect London from a renewed attack by the Royalists. The shop in Macclesfield Street, Soho is now a Chinese restaurant, while the one in Brewer St is a coffee bar. More than 50 were killed and 750 injured in three bombings on London Underground trains and a fourth on a double decker bus near King's Cross. At one point, Catholic Irish made up about 20% of London's population; they typically lived in overcrowded slums. During the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, London was invaded by rebels led by Wat Tyler. The City organised a new makeshift army and Charles hesitated and retreated. In 1900, the county was sub-divided into 28 metropolitan boroughs, which formed a more local tier of administration than the county council.  This led, from around 255 onwards, to the construction of an additional riverside wall. To wit: apparently south London gangster George Francis once offered one-time owner George Needham £1,000,000 in cash for the restaurant. Monday 12:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Tuesday 12:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Wednesday 12:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Thursday 12:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Friday 12:00 AM - 8:00 PM; Saturday 11:00 AM - 8:00 PM; … Welcome to Old Spitalfields Market. From here. , The general meeting-place of Londoners in the day-time was the nave of Old St. Paul's Cathedral. The old settlement of Lundenwic became known as the ealdwic or "old settlement", a name which survives today as Aldwich. The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 led to a large migration on Huguenots to London. A view over the rooftops and factories of London with St Paul’s Cathedral dominant in the distance. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/population-age-groups/#chart-274. Old London. Parliament's Rebuilding of London Act 1666 stated "building with brick [is] not only more comely and durable, but also more safe against future perils of fire". , Through the 19th and in the early half of the 20th century, Londoners used coal for heating their homes, which produced large amounts of smoke. 1072590. Some recent discoveries indicate probable very early settlements near the Thames in the London area. Thus protected, they were able to get close enough to the bridge to attach ropes to the piers and pull the bridge down, thus ending the Viking occupation of London. The new authority had similar powers to the old GLC, but was made up of a directly elected Mayor and a London Assembly. In 604 King Saeberht of Essex converted to Christianity and London received Mellitus, its first post-Roman bishop. At some time between AD 180 and AD 225, the Romans built the defensive London Wall around the landward side of the city. 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