It grows in mountainous terrain at altitudes of 2500 to 10000 ft. (800–3000 meters) Its foliage is scale-like with grayish or dark green coloring and tends to grow quite dense. So, to take care of a Juniper bonsai you should: Water it between two and three times per week before the soil completely dries out. There are two main categories of juniper trees - trees with scale-like foliage and trees with needle-like foliage. Basics on How to Grow a Juniper Bonsai Tree. For this reason, juniper bonsai are best-suited to being grown outdoors year-round. Some trees will survive just fine indoors with some grow lights, but juniper’s aren’t that kind of species. Junipers simply cannot survive for any extended period of time indoors, even if you provide them a bright windowsill. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. Depending on the species they can measure from 1/8" to 1" (0,3 - 2cm), and it usually takes a year or two to ripen. This plant grows as a ground covering shrub if it is not shaped. Use a commercially available bonsai soil mix for juniper trees for the best results. Due the flexibility of the branches and growing characteristic, the Juniper bonsai tree is … Never allow the soil to dry out completely. Its needles are sharp but smaller and more delicate than those of the Japanese Needle Juniper. This bonsai tree species well suited for dead wood designs and look very … You can usually find good raw material for Bonsai there. Usually you can tell when it needs watering by the color and feel of the soil surface. A bonsai plant requires frequent watering. The visibly infested branches die in most cases and the fungus can emerge on other tree parts. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. To avoid shocking the roots, don’t fertilize a juniper bonsai after it has been repotted for at least a month. That’s right, the well-produced commercials and Hollywood blockbusters have been lying to us for years. When extreme winter temperatures dip below this, providing juniper bonsais with moderate protection from wind and frost will help them to overwinter outdoors. At this stage of “finished” bonsai, you want to be pruning in early to mid-summer. Following a few simple guidelines allows a Juniper Bonsai to be grown without difficulty; as such, they are perfect for beginners and will enable one to develop their bonsai into a magnificent work of art with only a little patience and tender loving care. In its natural range, it is most often found growing near the sea. The juniper bonsai tree has long been recognized as one of the most popular trees for bonsai. For juniper bonsai, avoid heavy root pruning at the time of repotting to prevent shocking the plant. Healthy juniper trees are quite resistant to pests and diseases, however, it is a good idea to keep an eye out for several common juniper pests/diseases. Make sure not to allow foliage pads to get too dense otherwise, pests can settle in them more easily. If you water your Juniper bonsai and see water pooling at the surface, the soil drainage is not sufficient. Bonsai Tree Care: A Quick Guide. In late summer brownish proliferations grow from the bottom-sides of the leaves which release spores that infest junipers. There are numerous varieties of Chinese Juniper, many of which difficult to distinguish with certainty, but the care guidelines for these varieties are very similar. Make sure that you use a soil that has a large percentage of arrogates that allow the water to flow quickly. The foliage color can range from steely-blue-greens to light greens, occasionally with silver or gold hues. Identifying which type of juniper bonsai you have will help to determine how to care for it properly. The Juniper cannot live indoors. The first step in growing a Juniper Bonsai tree is to … The Japanese junipers are also not infested often. Fertilizing : Use normal organic fertilizer pellets every month during the growing season or a liquid fertilizer every week. They are evergreen coniferous trees or shrubs, which are very popular for Bonsai. Removing the parts with the swellings and galls is no guarantee that the fungus will not reappear. Some are even considered resistant to fungal rust diseases. During the winter protect the tree once temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C). Juniper species prefer a well draining soil that will allow airflow to the roots. For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. Most care sheets fail to mention is that juniper bonsai are exclusively outdoor trees. However, during the winter, you need to be extra careful. I've been keeping it outside to help it go into dormant state for the winter and I thought a bigger pot would be less likely to freeze. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. They will grow resistant against pests. The Savin is a juniper from southern Europe, North-Africa, and some parts of Asia with scale-like foliage which can be finer or more coarse and has different shades of green depending on its origin. Before you water, the soil should slightly dry. You should plan to water it every two to three days. It is best to prune juniper bonsai in the early spring and summer during their active growing period. Juniper bonsai appreciate regular feeding during the spring and fall months to promote strong growth. We say this because they are born healthy and are adaptable to all temperature conditions. If they are large and old, you can split the deadwood to bend the more flexible living parts. Trees in his collection go far beyond the common spruce and juniper bonsai sold at typical nurseries. The position of your tree might not have enough access to sunlight. Juniper Bonsai Most of the 60 species of junipers (Jumiperus spp.) The juniper genus is made up of about 50 to 70 different species within the cypress family. Watch for signs of spider mites, juniper scale, juniper aphids, juniper needle miners, as well as juniper webworms. It also includes three American species: The California Juniper (Juniperus californica,) the Rocky Mountain Juniper (Juniperus scopulorum,) and the Sierra Juniper (Juniperus occidentalis). As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … 2. Download these instructions. Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. Junipers can live a very long time. by Benjamin Lee Janssen (Upstate New York, United States) I got my Juniper Bonsai tree about 2 weeks ago. Junipers can sometimes get infested with spider mites, juniper scale, juniper aphids, and juniper needle miners as well as juniper webworms. Juniper Bonsai Winter Care. Do not trim the juniper like a hedge because the removal of all growing tips will weaken the tree and the cut will turn the needles brown. There are some Juniper bonsai over Juniper bonsai care is seriously very easy. Dramatically twisted shapes are very popular and correspond with the natural shapes that used to grow in the Japanese mountains. As with most bonsai, juniper bonsai require regular watering in order to keep the soil consistently moist. The American Bonsai Society recommends letting the soil dry slightly before watering your juniper, but cautions against allowing it to dry completely. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. Winter is the time when, after lavishing care and attention on plants, you can finally reap … A Juniper Bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Some people have a different opinion, but it’s best to burn rust-infested juniper immediately or put it into the garbage instead of your compost heap. For beginners, Juniper bonsai trees are Young trees can be repotted every two years at the most, and older trees can go as long as five years without being repotted. Learn how to take care of Juniper Bonsai Trees in this Quick 30 minute Crash Course. There are also popular juniper species with needle-like foliage. The Sierra Juniper is a shrub or tree native to the western United States. The Japanese Garden Juniper (Juniperus procumbens ‘nana’) is the most popular and recognizable bonsai in the United States, with good reason. When the foliage pads become too dense they must be thinned out with sharp scissors at the base. Bonsai is the ancient Japanese art form of growing ornamental miniature or artificially dwarfed trees in containers using cultivation techniques to mimic the shape and scale of full-sized trees. For more details, see our, How to Grow and Care for Alligator Juniper, How to Care for and Maintain a Bonsai Tree. Fungal rust diseases are a big problem. Juniper bonsai trees should be grown outdoors year-round and cannot tolerate growing indoors. Here you’ll find elm, hornbeam, larch, … The Japanese Shimpaku is actually a variety of Chinese Juniper which was originally found in the mountains of Japan. Juniper’s also like lots of light, and this can be difficult to achieve indoors. Our web site is checked and updated daily. For juniper bonsai, pinching back growth rather than cutting back is recommended as cutting can cause the surrounding needles to die off. Once the branches have set in their new shape, carefully remove the wire with wire cutters so as to not damage the tree. Welcome to Bonsai Northwest!. Juniper trees can withstand aggressive pruning well but keep in mind that they cannot bud again from any bare tree parts. Juvenile growth can also result from heavy pruning, bending, or overwatering and can last as long as a few years until the normal scale-like foliage grows and the young needle-like foliage falls or can be removed. It causes swellings that erupt with brown galls. There are many other juniper varieties, as well. Another very popular juniper for bonsai is the Itoigawa Shimpaku due to its delicate emerald-green foliage. While the pear trees in most cases are not fatally affected – they are newly infected each year, and they can even be treated successfully with a fungicide. Unlike other bonsai trees, the Chinese Juniper doesn’t like being pruned, in … Acquisition of juniper Bonsai: Many well-suited juniper species in different sizes can be found in most nurseries. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” Don’t worry they will turn green again in spring. Place the juniper bonsai outdoors in a bright spot where it will get direct sunlight in the morning, but filtered shade during the hottest part of the day. Repotting: Repot the Juniper Bonsai tree once every two years using a basic, or slightly more draining soil mixture. Scale junipers’ new growth, or juvenile foliage, appears needle-like until the typical scale-like foliage appears when they mature. Pests / diseases: If junipers are well cared for and placed in an ideal location they are very resistant to pests. These impressive, trouble-free evergreens are an excellent choice for the beginner. The most popular juniper varieties for bonsai include: Proper and regular pruning is essential to the aesthetic and health of a bonsai tree. Junipers have a naturally compact growth habit which makes them well-suited to bonsai growing techniques, and relatively young juniper bonsai can look well-established without much effort. The Rocky Mountain Juniper grows in western North-America and can become a tall tree. Specific Bonsai care guidelines for the Juniper Bonsai Placement : Place the tree outside, year-round, in a bright location with lots of sunlight. The Japanese Needle Juniper has sharp, dark green, stinging needles with a narrow white line along their length. Find species-specific information on your tree. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care Guide There are over 50 different types of species of Junipers or Juniperus. Junipers can be bent aggressively, but be sure to wrap branches with raffia or tape for protection. Always leave some foliage on the branches to ensure ongoing growth. Many of these species of Junipers do very well for bonsai due a variety of factors including foliage sizes and shape, drought tolerance, trunk resiliency, and root strength. Juniper species, like Chinese juniper, Japanese garden junipers, green mound, sargent’s needle, and shimpaku, are grown extensively as bonsai trees. If vigorous growth is desired, a nitrogen-rich fertilizer is recommended - but only in the spring months. During winter the junipers must be kept in a place with enough light and they must be checked for pests regularly even in winter. If you’d like to see strong growth you can apply some higher nitrogen levels in the spring. They are rugged, adaptable trees well-suited to bonsai culture. Ensuring that the bonsai has adequate drainage is imperative in preventing the soil from becoming waterlogged. Now that you know where to place your tree, we will give you some general care guidelines to keep your outdoor juniper alive! The two most popular juniper species for bonsai with scale-like foliage are the Chinese Juniper and the Japanese Shimpaku. Wiring is the practice of wrapping a wire around the branches of the bonsai tree in order to bend and reposition to achieve the desired shape. How to Ruin a Bonsai Without Really Trying July 31, 2019 August 19, 2019 sewershark778 The principal tree to show up in my blog was this Ficus Natalensis which I developed from a cutting in The Juniperus genus contains between 50-70 species of trees and low-lying shrubs. Juniper bonsai care Juniper Bonsai are characterized by a great hardiness and longevity. Juniper bonsai trees can take care of themselves, but they are not exempted from extremely cold temperatures during winter, late-season frost, reflective heat emitted by buildings, excessively wet soil, rock mulch, shade, poor or excessive drainage, competition from other shrubs and trees, and also soil disturbance, causing harm and damage to your Juniper bonsai trees. In general, bonsai trees do not need to be repotted very often, including the juniper varieties. Never pinch a juniper. You can opt-out at any time. Aesthetically, we want unobstructed structures to avoid the juniper from looking like broccoli. To achieve a desired shape or style, Juniper bonsais can be pruned every 6 weeks. During the winter protect the tree once temperatures drop below 15 °F (-10 °C). The deadwood is then naturally peeled, polished, and bleached by climatic conditions that make it very durable. In nature, it grows as a small tree or shrub. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Juniper species have different levels of susceptibility to rust fungus. Juniper trees with scale-like foliage include the Chinese juniper and the California juniper, while juniper trees with needle-like foliage include the Japanese needle juniper, green mound juniper, and the common juniper. It grows live veins below broken or dying branches that dry out and die to make deadwood. The Juniper Bonsai trees that can be found in large stores, like Walmart and Home Depot, are often Japanese Garden Junipers, also known as Green Mound Junipers (Juniperus procumbens nana.) You can identify the fungus when you see orange spots on the pear leaves. Shimpaku Juniper Bonsai Care. Because the small pots contain a limited amount of soil, adequately watering and fertilizing a juniper bonsai is critical to its health. As with most species well-suited to bonsai, juniper trees take well to wiring, although it should be done slowly and carefully. The foliage pads should be wired and fanned out after thinning, to let light and air get in, otherwise, the inner parts of the foliage pads will die, and dense pads also increase the risk of pest infestation. Winter rest. Its leaves are scale-like, coarse, and can be dark green or bluish-green. The Juniper bonsai tree is a hardy tree recommended for beginners. Junipers are also one of the easiest forms of bonsai to take care of. Junipers can have two types of foliage, needle-like, and scale-like foliage. When we think of a traditional bonsai and what it should look like, we think of a "Juniper Procumbens Nana." Use caution when bending areas with deadwood as those parts do break easily. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. Juniper trees are especially popular choices in bonsai due to their ease of care, variable form, and gorgeous foliage. The teacher, Bjorn Bjorholm, studied Bonsai art for over six years in Japan. The foliage is needle-like on young trees and scale-like on older trees. The Green Mound Juniper Bonsai is also from Japan with needle-like foliage, but the needles are shorter, more compact, and the coloring us bluish-green, similar to some scale-like foliage. General Information: The Shimpaku Juniper is native to Japan, the Kurile Island and the Sahalin Peninsula. Specialized Bonsai traders offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled juniper trees up to high-value Bonsai in various styles and shapes. The rust fungus infests the junipers permanently and cannot be cured. It is best to wire a juniper bonsai throughout the winter months when the tree is dormant. Use slow-release organic fertilizer once a month during the growing season, or a liquid fertilizer every week when watering. This is what makes the juniper bonsai variety the easiest to grow and maintain. Other popular species include the Chinese juniper (Juniperus Chinensis,) the Japanese Shimpaku (Juniperus sargentii,) the Japanese needle juniper (Juniperus rigida,) two central European species: The savin (Juniperus sabina,) and the common juniper (Juniperus communis.) It prefers rocky, well-drained soils. During winter, particularly in rainy weather, the galls produce large, orange, gelatin-like tendrils, full of spores that infest the leaves of pear trees or hawthorn/crabapples. The triad of green foliage, reddish-brown or yellowish-brown bark, and silvery-white deadwood is very appealing. The Juniper should be preferably grown outdoors as it requires 6 or more hours of direct sunlight on a daily basis. Misting the tree can be done regularly, especially after the tree has been repotted because it benefits from air humidity. A Juniper Bonsai is a living miniature tree and not a house plant; therefore, your bonsai must be maintained in a cool/cold environment during the winter season. In nature, it grows columnar or as a depressed shrub. Do not prune the roots too aggressively. And that is why this variety is most preferred worldwide. Old junipers can be found in gardens, concrete pots, and on cemeteries, with old graves that will be cleared, and if you are lucky the owner will allow you to dig one out for little money or a new plant. Some species change their foliage color during frosty periods to a purplish brown which is a part of their internal frost protection mechanism. They prefer to be fully exposed to the sun, and they also need well-drained soil in order to thrive. Since some juniper species are low-lying ground cover shrubs, they also make fantastic cascading bonsai due to their natural downward growth habit. Growing a juniper as a bonsai is comparatively easier, when compared to other types. Juniper bonsai require bright, direct sunlight for the majority of the day. Junipers are also great for jin and shari, or deadwood. Generally, juniper bonsai trees are easy to care for and thrive on neglect. They can be found at most garden centers or plant stores, or online from speciality bonsai retailers. Juniper Bonsai Tree Care. Bonsai soil mixes are well-draining, allowing both air and water to reach the roots, and are typically a combination of akadama (clay granulate from Japan), organic potting compost, pumice, and fine gravel/grit. Pruning: To develop the foliage pads, long shoots that stick out of the silhouette can be pinched or cut at the base with sharp scissors throughout the growing season. They are hardy, frost-tolerant trees that can withstand temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit without protection. If you have specific questions please email us at info@BonsaiNW.com.You can also see our Calendar of classes and events.. We have the largest selection of quality Bonsai pots, tools, and supplies available. Most of the time, if your Japanese Juniper Bonsai is well taken care of and is placed in a position with the right temperature and amount of light, you’ll have no problem. Pruning and training are the most important aspects of juniper bonsai care. An infected juniper normally cannot be cured. Juniper Bonsai Soil and Fertilization. When you have a Rocky Mountain juniper that has its main structure and secondary branches set, you will be working on the tertiary branches. As a general rule, allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings, avoid letting it dry out completely, and then water deeply. Bonsai trees require regular care and maintenance. However, cut back on fertilizing during the summer months to give the tree a break. Regularly thinning out the foliage pads will help to decrease the likelihood of pest infestation as dense foliage pads provide the ideal environment for them. Certain species of juniper trees are also susceptible to fungal rust diseases. You can find files that list many juniper species and cultivars and their susceptibility/resistance level to rust fungus on the internet. This is a free lecture from our Bonsai Intermediate Course. The Juniper cannot live indoors. The soil color lightens as it drys and the surface feels dry … As a rule of thumb, the blue-green junipers are more resistant than those with yellowish-green foliage. The Juniper Bonsai is generally a strong tree that also withstands aggressive pruning very well. Wiring: Junipers produced for Bonsai are often heavily wired when they are very young. Watering: Be careful not to overwater, as the juniper’s roots don't like soil wetness. Very old trees can be repotted at longer intervals. respond especially well to bonsai training, establishing readily and tolerating neglect. Both have scale-like foliage with color ranging from yellowish-green to bluish-green or silver-green. It came in a small pot at first you can see from the picture. However, they cannot tolerate being waterlogged. They make perfect beginner bonsai trees for inexperienced growers as they are forgiving, easily shaped, and well-suited to bonsai growing techniques. Though it does need proper care and attention, don’t let that intimidate you. Juniper Bonsai Trees These Dwarf Junipers from Japan are the most popular evergreen in the U.S. The berry-like cones are round or oval and are filled with round or edged seeds. The bonsai is a delightful and fun plant to have around the home or office. As a guide, around Thanksgiving Day it is time to prepare your Bonsai for its winter dormancy period … The Common Juniper is native to Europe, North-America, Asia, and North-Africa. The California Juniper is native to California and has bluish-grey scale-like foliage. There are two groups of Junipers, one with scale-like foliage and the other one with needle-like foliage. But it cannot bud again from bare tree parts, so take care that there is some foliage left on every branch you wish to keep alive. Chinese Juniper (Juniperus Chinensis) It’s a small bonsai that can withstand climate change. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. The cones are often eaten by birds who spread the germinable seeds through the bird’s droppings. All parts of the Savin are poisonous. Caring For Juniper Bonsai. All of which have very similar care guidelines. Traditional insecticide/miticide sprays will help but if you want to get rid of pests, you should investigate why the tree was prone to infestation. Just follow our tips on how to care for a bonsai tree and soon you’ll be on your way to becoming a true bonsai pro! They say that bonsai isn’t just a plant, it’s a way of life. Found at most garden centers or plant stores, or deadwood be bent aggressively, but cautions against allowing to... 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